ERP demand analysis of the hottest automobile manu

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ERP demand analysis of automobile manufacturing industry

based on the scientific analysis of the management needs of the automobile industry and the practice of ERP solutions for automobile enterprises over the years, the software center of Beijing Institute of mechanical industry automation launched the rs10/erp automobile industry solution based on the automobile industry. The rs10/erp automobile industry professional edition is divided into five management systems: material management system, manufacturing management system, customer relationship management system Financial cost management system, enterprise information portal and system integration management system

development status of China's automobile enterprises

China's automobile industry started late, with a low starting point, a small scale, backward technology, and an unreasonable industrial structure. Although it has developed rapidly since the reform and opening up, there is a significant gap compared with large automobile production countries: from the perspective of absolute output alone, China produced and sold more than 2 million vehicles in the first six months of 2003, with an estimated annual sales of more than 4 million vehicles, although an increase of 30% over 2002, However, the total national output is still less than the annual output of the international automobile giant General Motors. China has joined the WTO. According to China's commitment on the automotive industry, by 2006, the import tariff level of China's complete vehicles will be reduced to 25%, and the parts and components will be reduced to 10%, and some non-tariff protection policies such as import quotas will be gradually abolished. The domestic automobile industry will directly face the open international market, which will face a very severe test for China's immature automobile industry

in view of the current situation of China's automobile enterprises, the only way for automobile enterprises to remain invincible under the impact of international automobile giants is to develop and expand their strength as soon as possible, not only to be large-scale, but also to be strong. In 2002, China's auto industry carried out a large-scale merger and reorganization, and China's three major auto groups FAW, FAW and SAIC all made great achievements. FAW acquired Tianqi and cooperated with Toyota of Japan; Second Automobile Co., Ltd. made a comprehensive joint venture plan with Japanese Nissan to establish Dongfeng Nissan Automobile Co., Ltd; SAIC has merged and acquired companies such as Liuzhou Wuling and Anhui Chery, which has improved the product line of SAIC Group and has begun to take shape as China's "automobile aircraft carrier"

the gap between China's automobile industry and foreign countries, in addition to the gap in scale, there are more important gaps in manufacturing technology and management technology, of which the most important is the gap in management. On the whole, the following management problems are common in China's automobile industry:

● the production scale is relatively small, and large-scale production has not yet been formed

● poor market information and inaccurate production forecast data

● the design cycle of new products is long and cannot adapt to the rapidly changing market demand

● there are many products in process in the production process, and the inventory of raw materials, intermediate products and even finished products is large, occupying a large amount of working capital

● the business processing and information exchange of each department of the enterprise are not smooth, with long cycle, low efficiency and high error rate

● the communication with suppliers of raw materials and spare parts and outsourcing manufacturers is not ideal and not in place, which affects the delivery date and quality of products

● the cost accounting work is not detailed, and most of them lack the cost accounting of parts, so they can not effectively control the cost

● although a nationwide sales and after-sales service network system has been established, the efficiency of the whole network system is not high, the information feedback is not timely, and there is a lack of modern information technology support system

● the positive results obtained from a series of activities held during the customer-oriented plastic fair and the exhibition, and the advanced management idea of the center has not been fully rooted in the hearts of the people

● it is difficult to trace products and key parts. The policy report of the China Automobile Industry Association in 2003 has clearly proposed to introduce the automobile recall system into the domestic automobile industry, which is bound to require automobile manufacturing enterprises to have the traceability of finished products and key parts

how to solve the above management problems, how to face strong competitors, how to adapt to the changing market, how to use modern management and technical means to reduce management costs and improve enterprise competitiveness, all these are the problems that China's automotive industry needs to face and think about. The experience of the automobile industry in developed countries has proved that the wide application and development of information technology will provide possibilities for enterprises to reduce procurement and marketing costs, reduce inventory, optimize inventory structure, expand sales channels and improve service efficiency. It is the only way for automobile enterprises to enhance their competitive strength and integrate into the pattern of economic globalization

automobile manufacturing enterprise process and ERP demand analysis

modern automobile manufacturing enterprises are typical mass flow production methods. The production management process of automobile enterprises is shown in Figure 1

the focus of automobile enterprise management is high transmission efficiency, which is constantly changing with the development of the automobile industry. At the early stage of the development of the automobile industry, the organizational form of automobile production was to produce according to inventory. At that time, the automobile variety was very single. For example, in the 1920s, Ford only produced a single black t-car. At this time, the focus of automobile enterprise management was how to improve product quality, expand the production capacity of the enterprise and improve labor productivity. Today, in the 21st century, with the improvement of people's living standards, people pay more attention to the personalized characteristics of automobile consumption demand. Automobile production has completely changed from product centered to customer-centered. The production organization form of automobile enterprises has also changed from forecast production to forecast plus order production organization form. Even some advanced automobile manufacturers have achieved full order production

for modern automobile enterprises, the focus of management is to quickly respond to customers' order needs, accurate and reasonable production scheduling plan and accurate cost control. In detail, the management needs of automobile enterprises mainly lie in the following aspects:

(1) the four business links of procurement, inventory, production and finance should be closely connected, and data and information should be fully shared in time, so as to avoid blind procurement, inventory cost increase The occurrence of overproduction (or failure to keep up) and other phenomena

(2) the preparation of purchase plans, purchase requisitions, supplier selection and assessment, evaluation and assessment of purchasing personnel, formulation and signing of contracts, execution of purchase contracts, etc. constitute the whole process of the purchase business of a modern enterprise, and purchase is a link in the business cycle of an enterprise, It must have the following characteristics to make the procurement link better serve other business links such as production:

● the formulation of the procurement plan should be based on evidence

● the supplier selection system should be perfect and reasonable

● the implementation of procurement contracts should be orderly

● control of purchase advance of purchasing department

● the occupation of procurement funds should be planned and not blindly

(3) inventory management is a very important link in automobile manufacturing enterprises. There are thousands of automobile parts, so it is more important for the inventory management of automobile enterprises. To make the accounts and materials of thousands of materials consistent, reduce inventory, reduce capital occupation, and avoid overstock or shortage of materials, the inventory business of modern automobile enterprises should have the following characteristics:

● be able to know the receipt, delivery Storage status

● timely know the materials to be counted and the counting results

● the simulation budget of production ratio of existing materials can be carried out at any time

● minimize inventory on the premise of ensuring production

● it should be closely connected with the financial department to form efficient posting measures

● establish the inventory batch number of materials according to different importance and the requirements of the enterprise traceability system

(4) production planning is the core of automobile manufacturing enterprises, and it is also the most cumbersome and difficult link of the whole enterprise management. The formulation of production plan requires that it can adapt to different production modes, especially whether it can successfully handle assembly according to order and design according to order, which is also an important indicator to test whether an ERP product is powerful. In order to meet the needs of personalized production, lean production is needed. This is a great challenge to the internal management of the enterprise, the ability of equipment and control system, and the quality of personnel

if a modern automobile manufacturing enterprise wants to carry out its production strictly and orderly, its production business should have the following characteristics:

● LED displays the prediction data of automobile market demand and sales contract data, which can be timely and accurately transformed into the main production plan data

● the material demand plan is generated by the system according to the master production plan, inventory of raw materials and parts, in-process quantity and purchase contract quantity, which greatly improves the efficiency and accuracy of plan preparation

● be able to maintain balanced production according to the comparison of production plan and production capacity

● reduce material consumption in the production process and avoid waste caused by waste products

● implement JIT timely production and Kanban management, reduce WIP, reduce material inventory, and even realize zero inventory of some projects to reduce costs

(5) marketing management

● be able to establish an automobile sales network with wide distribution, high efficiency and flexible market information feedback, so as to realize the management of the whole distribution network, the summary of sales orders at distribution points and the distribution and allocation management of products

● enhance the adaptability of enterprises to the needs of the automobile sales market, and shorten the development cycle of new products as soon as possible to meet the flexible needs of the market

● do a good job in product after-sales service and deal with the quality feedback from users in a timely manner

(6) cost accounting and control is one of the main core contents of enterprise management in automobile manufacturing industry. Cost analysis and cost assessment are quantitative and qualitative descriptions of various technical and economic factors that affect enterprise cost changes and their impact degree. It not only provides a new data basis for cost prediction, decision-making and control in the next period, but also makes a comprehensive summary of the implementation of cost plans in the previous period to reflect the level of enterprise cost management, And reward and punish the achievements or mistakes of unit cost management at all levels within the enterprise. The focus of cost control is to predict in advance and correct the forecast data through post accounting to provide a more accurate forecast in the future. In order to provide accurate data for post accounting to correct the previous forecast data, it is necessary to provide the function of real-time statistics of actual costs; In order to meet the management requirements, the cost accounting and control system should have the following characteristics:

● settlement can be carried out in batches and steps

● subdivide the cost elements and calculate them separately

● setting and maintenance of labor weight and expense weight

● it can calculate the actual cost of finished products and semi-finished products in each period and how to operate and judge the products in process that can be contacted with our company

● various management reports can be improved

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