The hottest U.S. plans to revive the manufacturing

  • Detail

The United States plans to revitalize the manufacturing industry

when the world is used to made in China, the United States has shouted the slogan of revitalizing the manufacturing industry. A few days ago, under the influence of the encouragement policy, there has been an upsurge of manufacturing returning from overseas in the United States. American enterprises have returned to employment and produced a series of products from chopsticks, water heaters to construction machinery. Even a few U.S. lawmakers made a mountain out of a molehill about the U.S. Olympic costumes made in China, clamoring to pile up Chinese made clothes and burn them together before making new ones. But in fact, the revival of manufacturing is not as simple as expected

easier said than done

we will not increase labor-intensive, relatively low-tech jobs in the United States, and I don't think we want them. Sometimes it makes sense to develop competitive technologies, and sometimes it makes sense for the government to support the improvement of workers' skills. Michaelspen, a professor at New York University and Nobel Laureate in economics, believes that the consumption composition of MDI in China is: 30% for household appliances, 15% for pastes, 12% for building insulation, 9% for vehicles and 34% for others (including adhesives)

and the brand name of Harvard University professor is tecobax. Lawrence Katz pointed out that the idea that manufacturing jobs will increase greatly is completely untrustworthy. Vigorously improving American infrastructure and education will be more effective in creating middle-class jobs

many experts believe that in the past two years, in addition to the increase in overseas labor costs, there are also temporary and accidental factors such as exchange rate changes and rising overseas energy transport prices. Therefore, it is still difficult to determine whether this recovery is a rebound after the recession or a long-term phenomenon. In this case, if we indiscriminately advocate going the old way and manufacturing all kinds of products, we can only increase the output with the increase of automation equipment. The more we say, the more excited we are, and the more difficult we are to do

there is a huge shortage of professionals

American media reported that Obama once asked Apple founder jobs how to get jobs in iPhone manufacturing back to the United States. Jobs replied: these jobs can't come back. This is not only because foreign labor is relatively cheap, Apple executives also believe that the flexibility, diligence and industrial skills of foreign workers, as well as the huge scale of overseas factories, have greatly surpassed their American counterparts, so that American manufacturing is no longer a viable option for most Apple products. The Deloitte Consulting Company's survey report also shows that 600000 jobs in the U.S. manufacturing industry were unfilled last year, just because enterprises could not find workers with appropriate skills

talent gap is not only a problem of skills and diligence, but also the development of new technology requires talents with new knowledge. According to an article published by the Washington Post, the manufacturing jobs we need to engage in today are different from those we sent overseas. These jobs require very special skills and fewer workers. For example, the newspaper said that new composite materials are emerging in endlessly, and 3D printing technology has changed the manufacturing process, which requires more skilled employees to master complex new manufacturing processes. Therefore, future employees will need to receive a lot of training in this field

the United States decides to be high or low

avoiding the truth and falsehood causes economic imbalances. In order to achieve Reindustrialization and reverse this imbalance, the United States needs to rely on advanced manufacturing, not low-end manufacturing. This has become the consensus of many people of insight in the United States

professors of Harvard Business School, Gary Pisano and villesh, put forward suggestions as early as the Harvard Business Review in 2009, asking the government to pay attention to advanced manufacturing. Because in this field, the proportion of labor costs is usually reduced, and low wage countries have little advantage. And the rapidly changing world increasingly requires that production be closer to the end market

advanced manufacturing industry refers to the next generation of manufacturing technology with high-end materials and production technology, and its products. The products of these industries have high added value and strong technical requirements, which are not only the comparative advantages of the United States, but also provide high remuneration for the American people. At present, the U.S. government's policies have begun to focus on advanced manufacturing and have given a lot of financial and tax support, while the clothing, footwear and mining industries have received little support. On the whole, there is a great call for revitalizing the manufacturing industry in the United States, and the results of the relevant discussions are becoming increasingly clear

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI