On the psychological construction of color in prod

2022-08-22
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On the psychological construction of color in product design (Part 1)

[Abstract] color is a unique emotional language that appeals to the soul. Among the elements of product design, color is the most advanced visual organ, which has a profound impact on people's attitude and behavior with its symbolism, and plays an important role in modern product design

key words: color; Symbolism; Product design

color is just an optical physical phenomenon, which has no soul in itself. However, because people have lived in a color world for a long time and accumulated a lot of visual experience, once the visual experience echoes with foreign color stimulation, it will lead to a certain emotion in people's psychology. Therefore, if designers make reasonable use of human's normal psychological reaction to color, or conform to its needs, or use it in the opposite way, they can design products that meet people's visual and physiological characteristics

1 psychological feeling and symbolism of color

the formal beauty of industrial products is a combination of modeling, color, pattern, decoration and other factors. But among many factors, color plays a decisive role. It can first attract the attention of consumers. And give people a deep impression. Relevant psychological research shows that when human visual organs observe objects, color perception accounts for 80% in the first 20 seconds, while body perception accounts for 20%; After two minutes, the color accounts for 60%, and the shape accounts for 40%; After 5 minutes, each half will be occupied, and this state will continue. It can be seen that how quickly, profoundly and persistently colors impress people. The color beauty of products is an important shortcut to increase the value of products as pacxpert technology takes root in China

modern psychological research shows that emotion is the brake of people's cognition and behavior. If there is no positive emotion, people's reason will be in a dormant state and refuse to accept external information. Therefore, only by touching the hearts of consumers and triggering positive emotions, can we attract their attention and further generate purchase behavior. Color is the language of emotion, and it is not only beneficial to the low-speed experiments of conventional materials (metal, cement, concrete, etc.) but also has strong expressive power. If we can skillfully use the law of color emotion in product design and give full play to the role of color, we can arouse people's positive emotion, arouse people's interest, deepen people's memory, and affect people's purchase decision and purchase behavior

1.1 psychological feeling of color

people live in a color world for a long time and accumulate a lot of visual experience. Once the perceptual experience echoes with the external color stimulation, it will lead to a certain emotion in people's psychology. Each color has its own expression characteristics. When its purity or lightness changes, or it is in a different color matching relationship, the expression of color changes accordingly. For example, red is a warm and impulsive color. Red has high purity, high attention and great stimulation. It can increase blood pressure, accelerate blood circulation, and have a great encouraging effect on human psychology; Yellow is the brightest color, which can maintain strong purity under high brightness. Yellow is brilliant and brilliant, with the brilliance of the sun, so it symbolizes the light of wisdom that illuminates the darkness; Yellow has a golden light, so it symbolizes wealth and power. It is a proud color. Blue is a broad and eternal color. Whether it is dark blue or light blue, it will remind us of the infinite universe or the flowing atmosphere. Black and white are the last abstractions of color, representing the cathode and anode of the color world. The abstract expressiveness and mystery of black and white seem to surpass the depth of any color. If the experiment cannot be carried out continuously, gray is the most passive color in the color system. It is a completely neutral color and depends on the adjacent color to get life. Gray means the disappearance of all color contrast, which is the most stable rest point for vision

1.2 symbolism of color

the emotional factors of color are the accumulation and evolution of human aesthetic experience. With the progress of human civilization, color has gained a conventional symbolic significance. It can deeply express people's ideas and beliefs. First, use the key to loosen the upper jaw, which is the symbolic role of color. White is the color of light, symbolizing purity, truth, innocence and saints and gods. Although white sometimes has negative meanings - fear, timidity, surrender, loss and the pallor brought by death, white is still the representative of good in all the symbols of the opposition between black and white. In addition, white is also closely related to various transitional ceremonies, such as baptism, confirmation ceremony and marriage ceremony, because white represents light and happiness. Black is the symbol of evil forces and unhappiness. It represents the dark world brought by ominous things such as death, ignorance, disappointment, sadness and evil. Blue symbolizes infinity, eternity, truth, dedication, loyalty, purity, chastity, peace, wisdom and spiritual life. Among all colors, the symbolic meaning of gold is consistent and cannot be changed. The close relationship with the sun makes gold a symbol of glory, divinity, imperial power, light and truth. Among the three primary colors, the symbolic meaning of yellow always fluctuates, often changing with different occasions. In addition, different yellow also has different meanings. Bright yellow is the color of gold, symbolizing the sun. In China, it is the symbol of royalty, virtue and the center of all things. For brides, yellow is a good sign of youth, chastity, happiness and prosperity. In Beijing opera, the Yellow mask is the image of a traitor

however, due to differences in cultural backgrounds, people of different nationalities, religious beliefs and regions will have their own feelings for various colors. Using this conventional understanding is an effective means of design, so designers should often collect and learn this knowledge

2 the use of color in product design

color can make people associate and feel. In product design, using the emotional law of color can better express the design theme, arouse people's emotion, arouse people's interest in the product, and ultimately affect people's choice. For example, the outstanding case of apple color shell computer: people engaged in design must be familiar with this kind of Apple Computer specially used for graphic design. In the past, Apple computers only had white shells, but in the 1990s, apple once faced difficulties. In this case, designers changed the original monotonous machine shell into a variety of bright colors, and launched a series of colorful and even transparent machines, so that the current computer shell is becoming more and more colorful. This change is welcomed by the majority of consumers

the use of color depends on innovation. It does not take its own habitual color as the standard, nor does it take personal likes and dislikes of color as the purpose. The following is a typical counterexample in this regard: in the 1930s, Ford Motor Company, which ranked first in the industry at that time, produced the famous black t-car, while general motors company, which chased Ford company, made great efforts to diversify the appearance and color of the car and produced many beautiful light tone cars. It is successful because it meets the requirements of the consumer in the change of aesthetic psychology. As a result, Ford, which had the overwhelming advantage, lost miserably. Statistics show that the sales ratio of the two fell from 2:1 to 1:6. Ford's failure lies in ignoring the change of demand and the important position of color in sales. He once said:. If someone asks me what color do you like? My answer is' only black '. It is this well-known statement that analyzes the reasons for the decline of the t-car

in the application of color in product design, we should deeply study the principle and theory of color, practice the expressive ability of color, refine, exaggerate and create new color images based on the understanding of natural color, which are specifically shown in the following aspects

(to be continued)

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