On the promotion of knowledge management in Enterp

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On the promotion of knowledge management in enterprises the term "knowledge management" was introduced into China in the 1990s; At first, only a small number of universities and research institutes carried out theoretical research on knowledge management, not to mention the application of enterprises and organizations. At the beginning of this century, ibmluota, Microsoft and internationally renowned consulting companies brought the idea of knowledge management to Chinese enterprises. Due to the obvious knowledge intensive characteristics of these international top service providers and software developers, the role of human capital and knowledge capital is very obvious, coupled with the inherent advantages of high mastery of information technology and being close to customers, they keenly captured the entry point of "technology" and expected to open up new business space in the future. This stage is dominated by software and service providers, focusing on the realization of system functions. Some domestic leading enterprises (such as Lenovo, TCL, Sanjiu, and mobile) began to try to introduce knowledge management for practice

the application of knowledge management in foreign countries is becoming more and more mature, which has also triggered the enthusiasm of knowledge management in China. It is really like a sudden spring breeze, thousands of pear trees are in bloom. Chinese enterprises pay more and more attention to knowledge management, and the practice of knowledge management is also increasing. There are few successful examples, and even fewer achieve the expected goals. Why is knowledge management so hot in China, but its promotion in enterprises is not so smooth

there are already some industry leaders in China who are practicing knowledge management. IBM, Bilbo and domestic knowledge management consulting software service providers are working together to promote the development of knowledge management in China. After several years of exploration, Chinese enterprises have made some achievements in the practice of knowledge management, but also exposed many problems. Due to the different cultural atmosphere between domestic enterprises and foreign enterprises, many foreign models are not fully applicable to Chinese enterprises, and most Chinese enterprises have adopted it based and tolerant IT tools to realize knowledge management at the beginning of knowledge management practice. This method mainly focuses on the storage of explicit knowledge in the form of electronic documents; Tacit knowledge is neglected; A recent trend of knowledge management: more and more process and personnel based knowledge management methods focus more on the communication of network and tacit knowledge. However, the knowledge management practice of it tools did not achieve the expected success in the absence of knowledge management system and culture. After implementing the IT system of knowledge management, many enterprises found that the knowledge management system has become the most common OA product, and even the function of OA has not been played. At most, it plays the role of electronic bulletin, e-mail, BBS and electronic official documents, and even some official documents have been sent in electronic version and paper version again. Because of the uneasiness about it technology, even some companies' electronic finance has only become financial calculation software, and they have to make paper accounts as well as electronic ones. Although China is aware of the importance, convenience and efficiency of IT technology, it cannot be fully promoted and applied from the perspective of institutional culture and personal consciousness because it has rarely experienced the original development process of system IT technology

although knowledge management is very popular in China, there is no standard definition of knowledge management at present. The understanding of knowledge management is also expanding with the development of practice. Dr. yogeshmalhotra believes that KM is a catering measure for the adaptability, survival and competitiveness of organizations in the face of increasingly discontinuous environmental changes. In essence, it includes the development process of the organization, and seeks to organically combine the processing ability of data and information provided by information technology and the ability of human invention and creation. Generally speaking, knowledge management is the total process of producing, storing, transferring, applying and innovating knowledge to achieve organizational goals

how should knowledge management be understood? What does it have to do with enterprise informatization

knowledge management is a kind of management thought, which is mainly a management problem in the operation of enterprises or organizations, and also runs through the operation of the whole enterprise business system. Like all management processes, knowledge management is also a management process rather than a result of an enterprise or organization. The development of knowledge management is synchronized with the development of human society: Confucius' traveling and lecturing can be regarded as a primitive learning organization; The invention of papermaking greatly promoted the dissemination of ancient knowledge, thus greatly promoting social progress. We must understand that as a management concept, knowledge management already exists in our management practice, and we conduct knowledge management every day. The summary of paper documents in the past, the exchange of technical management meetings, and so on all reflect the basic knowledge management ideas. Knowledge management is the natural product of the development of enterprise management. In his book "the fifth generation management", Dr. savage divides the enterprise management cavity into five development stages according to the history of deviation processing: the first generation management with ownership as the core in the early industrial era, the second generation management with strict hierarchy as the characteristic, the third generation management with matrix organization as the characteristic, the fourth generation management with computer network as the characteristic and the fifth generation management with knowledge as the core. According to Dr. savage, knowledge management is a natural evolution stage of enterprise management development. But I think knowledge management has always existed and played an important role in these five generations of management. In the historical development of enterprise management, knowledge management is also developing continuously, from the spontaneous unconscious state at the beginning to the later stage of conscious goal and strategy. Knowledge management has risen to today's height and become the main melody of social and enterprise management. This shows that the driving force of social and enterprise development has shifted from physical strength, resources, technology and information to knowledge-based. The main competition in today's society has shifted from the competition of technology and talents to the competition of knowledge. Technology will fall in China's plastic machinery market, talent will drain. However, having a completed knowledge management system and culture can promote technological innovation and improve the quality of talents. Therefore, the idea of knowledge management in the research and development of new test machine models in 2018 comes directly from the objective requirements of social and economic development, or directly from the reform requirements of management methods and methods in the era of knowledge economy

There is no unified and standard definition of the relationship and difference between knowledge management and information technology. However, the implementation of knowledge management in enterprises is often unsuccessful, that is, because the relationship between them is not clearly distinguished, which makes the work center deviate from the core idea of knowledge management. Because knowledge management in a narrow sense seems to have similarities with information management, personalized and micro trauma treatment will even have knowledge management

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